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How Do Fibroids Affect a Pregnancy?

This article is for those women who want to find out if and how fibroids affect you and your baby during and after pregnancy. What are the chances of a child being born healthy by a mother affected by fibroids during pregnancy?

Fibroids cannot be removed during pregnancy because it increases the risk of injury to the uterus and hemorrhage. Treatment options are limited to pain medication and medication to prevent premature labor, if necessary.

Most of the pregnant women suffering from fibroids may not experience any complications with their pregnancy. But during pregnancy, the size of the fibroids usually increases due to increased hormone flow. Other complications that may arise include: obstructed labor, stalled labor, postpartum hemorrhaging, and forcing the fetus into an unusual position. Your physician will keep close watch to monitor and prevent the occurrence of most of these complications. In 75% of the cases, there are no problems as a result of fibroids during pregnancy.

If you have fibroids and you are pregnant, then there is a huge relief knowing that battle is half over. Fibroids can lead to various complications prior to pregnancy. Not all but certain types of fibroids can lead you to infertility. This usually happens because of the two reasons. First these fibroids can block a fallopian tube, thereby stopping the sperm from reaching the egg. Second they may bulge into the uterine cavity, changing the natural shape of the uterus and preventing a newly fertilized egg from being planted.

It is not to say, however, that you will be problem-free if you have fibroids during the pregnancy. However, many fibroids do not cause any problems during pregnancy, but those fibroids which are located in the cavity of the uterus may increase the chance of miscarriage (in which the pregnancy ends before 20 weeks) or may cause a woman to go into premature labor. These fibroids may increase the probability that the baby is not positioned to come out headfirst which can lead to the need for cesarean section. Other complications due to fibroids may include discomfort, feelings of pressure, or pain.

Because of above mentioned complications and simply to ensure the health of your baby, it is very crucial to constantly have your pregnancy monitored by your doctor. Although fibroids almost never directly affect your baby’s health during pregnancy, it is important to keep close watch.

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