In simple words uterine fibroids can be described as benign tumors of the uterus. People tend to get alarmed when they hear tumor because we most commonly associate tumors with cancer. But fibroids are most commonly benign, which means not cancerous. This also means that fibroids are merely an extra tissue which grows in your uterus, but are not capable of spreading to other systems in your body. However, fibroids can cause some serious symptoms, but are rarely as life threatening or serious to treat as cancer.
As mentioned fibroids are benign and do not turn into cancer. As per medical studies, fibroids and uterine muscle cancer (sarcoma) show that they have different genetic mutations and that sarcomas do not develop from fibroids. One out of every 1000 women suffering from fibroids symptoms tend to have a sarcoma. 80% of the women with fibroids are never admitted to the hospital for surgery, the incidence of sarcoma with fibroids is extremely low. The average age of women who develop fibroids is 38. And the average age of a women who develops a sarcoma is 63, sarcoma very rarely occur in young women. So, if you have fibroids, there is not much reason to worry about uterine muscle cancer (sarcoma).
FDA issued Warning of Cancer Risk in Fibroid Surgery
Recently media has reported various reports of fibroids removal surgery causing cancer to spread. The FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) has issued a warning about the risk of a certain technique used in surgery for uterine fibroids. This is because on rare occasions fibroids can contain cancerous tissue, which when removed in pieces during laparoscopy, can cause it to spread.
This procedure called laparoscopic power morcellation, uses a medical device to break uterine fibroids into small pieces, so they can be removed through a small incision in the abdomen. FDA claims that if a women also has uterine cancer, this procedure can risk spreading the cancer within the abdomen and pelvis. This will make it harder to treat.