Doctors are not exactly sure what are the root causes of fibroids, but research and clinical experience point to a few factors likely contributing to the growth of fibroids. Fibroids appear to be genetic in nature because it runs in families. Take for an example, if mother gives birth to identical twins then both are likely to have fibroids than non-identical twins. Many fibroids also contain changes in genes that are different from the genes in normal uterine muscle cells.
Another root cause of fibroids are hormones. Estrogen and progesterone hormones are responsible for stimulating the growth of the uterine lining each month in preparation for a possible pregnancy. Estrogen and Progesterone are also responsible for the growth of fibroids, which contain more estrogen and progesterone receptors than normal uterine muscle cells. Hormone theory also makes sense because of the fact that fibroids tend to shrink after a woman goes through menopause. Menopause coincides with a decline in a woman’s hormone levels.
Below are the important factors that can raise risk of fibroids in woman:
Consumption of poor quality beef and any type of pork may increase the risk of fibroids in women.
2. Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills can stimulate the growth of fibroids in your body because of the increased estrogen levels. Foods with high estrogen content and hormone disrupting chemical that mimic estrogen may also pay a role in the growth of fibroids.
A woman is more likely to develop fibroids herself if her mother or sister is suffering from fibroids problem.
4. Obesity or Overweight
Overweight or obese women are more likely to develop fibroids compared to women who maintains a healthy weight.
5. Race or Ethnicity
It has been observed that African American women are more likely to develop fibroids than women of other races or ethnicities. Black women tend to have fibroids at younger ages, and have more fibroids and larger ones.
6. High Blood Pressure
It is observed that the risk of fibroids increases in woman who are suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension.
Usually uterine fibroids tend to appear when a woman is in her 30s and 40s.
8. Early Menstruation
There is higher risk of fibroids in those women who being menstruation prior to the age of 10 then those who started menstruating after the age of 10.
Overt hypothyroidism has been associated with the presence of uterine fibroids.