Fibroids are growths of connective tissue that occur in the uterus. Fibroids may not cause any symptoms to some women, but they can cause heavy bleeding during periods. There are two hormones named estrogen and progesterone stimulate their growth. When the size of the fibroids gets large enough, they can cause discomfort and pain.
Logically when you stop having periods, the chronic conditions associated with female reproductive organs should go away. Although often menopause causes fibroids to shrink, but this may not mean that the symptoms of fibroids with disappear completely.
Fibroids need estrogen to grow, but after menopause estrogen levels decreases dramatically in women. This normally reduces the risk of developing uterine fibroids. There are several cases in which fibroids actually shrink and causes fewer symptoms for women who have reached menopause. However, that’s not always the case.
Those women who are taking HRT (hormone replacement therapy) during perimenopause or after menopause may not experience decrease in their symptoms. This is because “Hormone Replacement Therapy” normally contains a combination of estrogen and progesterone hormones, which are responsible for fibroids growth.
To alleviate menopause issues, many women opt for hormone replacement therapy. However, whether prescription hormone pills, over-the counter or bioidentical pills, introducing estrogen may stimulate fibroid growth in the uterus.
For many years, doctors were suggesting to patients that fibroids would shrink after menopause. Those women who are close to menopause are often advised to wait out their treatment options. But the best time for the treatment of uterine fibroids is right now. Even if you are in 40’s or right before menopause, you may experience several months to years of estrogen dominated menstrual cycles. This period in a women’s life is almost always a growth spurt for fibroids. Waiting to get relief from fibroids during menopause may result in a few more years of growth and worsening of symptoms associated with fibroids like pain and bleeding.